AutoGPT+P: Affordance-based Task Planning using Large Language Models

Timo Birr, Christoph Pohl, Abdelrahman Younes, Tamim Asfour
Paper Website

Paper ID 112

Session 15. Planning

Poster Session day 3 (Thursday, July 18)

Poster 24

Abstract: Recent advances in task planning leverage Large Language Models (LLMs) to improve generalizability by combining such models with classical planning algorithms to address their inherent limitations in reasoning capabilities. However, these approaches face the challenge of dynamically capturing the initial state of the task planning problem. To alleviate this issue, we propose AutoGPT+P, a system that combines an affordance-based scene representation with a planning system. Affordances are the action possibilities of an agent on the environment and the objects present in it. Thus, deriving the planning domain from an affordance-based scene representation allows symbolic planning with arbitrary objects. AutoGPT+P leverages this representation to derive and execute a plan for a task specified by the user in natural language. In addition to solving planning tasks under a closed-world assumption, AutoGPT+P can also handle planning with incomplete information, such as tasks with missing objects, by exploring the scene, suggesting alternatives, or providing a partial plan. The affordance-based scene representation combines object detection with an Object Affordance Mapping that is automatically generated using ChatGPT. The core planning tool extends existing work by automatically correcting semantic and syntactic errors leading to a success rate of 98% on the SayCan instruction set. Furthermore, we evaluated our approach on our newly created dataset with 150 scenarios covering a wide range of complex tasks with missing objects, achieving a success rate of 79%. The dataset and the code are publicly available at