Optimal Pose and Shape Estimation for Category-level 3D Object Perception

Jingnan Shi (MIT),
Heng Yang (MIT),
Luca Carlone (MIT)
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Paper #025
Interactive Poster Session I Interactive Poster Session IV

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We consider a category-level perception problem, where one is given 3D sensor data picturing an object of a given category (e.g., a car), and has to reconstruct the pose and shape of the object despite intra-class variability (i.e., different car models have different shapes). We consider an active shape model, where—for an object category— we are given a library of potential CAD models describing objects in that category, and we adopt a standard formulation where pose and shape estimation are formulated as a non-convex optimization. Our first contribution is to provide the first certifiably optimal solver for pose and shape estimation. In particular, we show that rotation estimation can be decoupled from the estimation of the object translation and shape, and we demonstrate that (i) the optimal object rotation can be computed via a tight (small-size) semidefinite relaxation, and (ii) the translation and shape parameters can be computed in closed-form given the rotation. Our second contribution is to add an outlier rejection layer to our solver, hence making it robust to a large number of misdetections. Towards this goal, we wrap our optimal solver in a robust estimation scheme based on graduated non-convexity. To further enhance robustness to outliers, we also develop the first graph-theoretic formulation to prune outliers in category-level perception, which removes outliers via convex hull and maximum clique computations; the resulting approach is robust to 70 − 90% outliers. Our third contribution is an extensive experimental evaluation. Besides providing an ablation study on a simulated dataset and on the PASCAL3D+ dataset, we combine our solver with a deep-learned keypoint detector, and show that the resulting approach improves over the state of the art in vehicle pose estimation in the ApolloScape driving datasets.

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